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Animals & Attractions

Visayan Spotted Deer

We currently have a small group of visayan spotted deer. 

Location in the Zoo

They can be found in between the Visayan warty pigs and the swamp wallabies.

Breeding Programme Category

They are monitored by the European Stud Book Programme

In the Wild

The Visayan spotted deer (Rusa alfredi) is also known as the Philippine spotted deer. It is a nocturnal species of deer normally found in the rainforests of the Visayan island. It is one of three native species to the Philippines. They are also one of the rarest and most narrowly distributed mammals in the world, with only a few hundred wild animals thought to remain.

They are small short-legged deer with adults reaching only 80cm tall and weighing 80kg. They have a pattern of beige spots on their deep brown back and sides with cream underparts.

This deer is thought to mainly come out at night, emerging at dusk to feed on a variety of different types of grasses, leaves and buds within the forest.  They are quite social animals, usually found in small groups of three to five. Breeding season normally occurs from November to December. Males roar and call to attract the females. After a gestation of around 240 days, females usually give birth to a single calf.

This species is one of the rarest and most narrowly distributed mammals in the world, with only a few hundred thought to remain. The remaining population is in danger from intensive hunting and extensive deforestation, hunting, land clearing for agriculture and logging operations are also a significant threat to them.

Find out more


Not Endangered NE
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Near Threatened NT
Vulnerable VU
Endangered EN
Critically Endangered CR
Extinct in the wild EW
Extinct EX


For more info on classifications visit


Relative to 6ft (2m) man Relative to 6ft (2m) man


Population is decreasing, IUCN May 2008


  • Rainforests



Herbivore Herbivore
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