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Animals & Attractions

Red Fronted Macaw

Edinburgh Zoo has two red-fronted macaws: a male and a female.  The male was hatched in 1994 and came to us in 1995 from the Chester Zoo, located in Cheshire, United Kingdom.  Our female came from a private individual in September of 1995.

Location in the Zoo

Our red-fronted macaws can be found in the aviaries behind the Education Centre.

Breeding Programme Category:

This pair of macaws have not yet reared any chicks, but we know from previous breeding seasons that they will lay fertile eggs and incubate them. Our birds are genetically quite important in the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP), co-ordinated by staff at Edinburgh Zoo, so we hope that they will breed in the future.

In the Wild

The red-fronted macaw (Ara rubrogenys) is native to a small area on the east Andean slopes of south-central Bolivia.  It is estimated that there may be fewer than 500 breeding pairs left in the wild.

The red-fronted macaw is a medium-sized parrot, typically measuring about 55 – 60 cm (21.5 – 23.5 inches) long.  It is mostly green, with a red forehead and red patches over the ears and on the bend of the wings.  It also has blue primary feathers. Males are slightly larger than the females and have a heavier beak, but otherwise the sexes are quite similar.

This species’ original natural habitat was dry forest, but centuries of human activity causing habitat degradation and destruction has caused red-fronted macaws to be found mostly in thorn and cactus scrub.  The red-fronted macaw’s diet includes seeds and fruit.  However, natural food sources are often scarce, causing macaws to feed extensively on crops.  This causes conflict with farmers, who view the macaws as a crop pest and kill them.

One of the major threats to red-fronted macaws is habitat destruction, due mainly to overgrazing by goats, firewood cutting and charcoal production.  Illegal trapping for the pet trade is another major threat to this species.

Find out more


Not Endangered NE
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Near Threatened NT
Vulnerable VU
Endangered EN
Critically Endangered CR
Extinct in the wild EW
Extinct EX


For more info on classifications visit


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IUCN November 2013


  • Rainforests



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