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Pied imperial pigeon

We are currently home to two pied imperial pigeons

Where they can be found at Edinburgh Zoo

They can be found in our Brilliant Birds exhibit

In the wild

Pied imperial pigeons (Ducula bicolor) are found in the mangrove and coastal forests throughout South East Asia and are members of the dove and pigeon family. Both males and females are similar in appearance with mainly white bodies and black feathers at their wing tips.

These birds can fly large distances between their feeding and nesting sites. They eat a wide variety of fruit including nutmeg and figs. They spend all of their time in the trees or in the air, they are never seen on ground level.

Breeding occurs at different times throughout their range. Nests are basic platforms and are normally located high above the ground, in some cases up to eight meters above ground level. Into this the female will lay one egg.

The pied imperial pigeon is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. In some regions the population of these pigeons is still high. However, the population is declining in other areas because of hunting as pigeons are often considered pests and the human disturbance of breeding colonies.

Find out more


Not Endangered NE
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Near Threatened NT
Vulnerable VU
Endangered EN
Critically Endangered CR
Extinct in the wild EW
Extinct EX

Least Concern

For more info on classifications visit


Relative to a toothbrush Relative to a toothbrush


Population is decreasing, IUCN June 2012


  • Rainforests



Frugivore Frugivore
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