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Animals & Attractions

Socorro Dove

We are currently home to three adult socorro doves and one chick.

Location in the Zoo

Only one of the male socorro doves is on show to visitors and can be found in Brilliant Birds

Breeding Programme Category

They are looked after by the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP)

In the Wild

The Socorro dove (Zenaida graysoni) is extinct in the wild. It was endemic to Socorro Island off the west coast of Mexico.  The last sighting of this dove in its natural habitat was in 1972. There are no more than 200 birds in captivity and probably fewer than 100 of these are pure-bred.

The introduction of sheep to the island of Socorro is thought to be one of the major reasons for their decline; the sheep ate the plants the doves probably depended upon for food and shelter. Predation by feral cats and hunting by humans are also thought to be factors in their extinction in the wild as the birds were naturally very “tame” and easy to catch.  Conservation organisations are working to restore the island’s habitats so that descendants of zoo-bred birds, such as the ones that can be seen at Edinburgh, will one day repopulate the islands.

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Status

Not Endangered NE
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Near Threatened NT
Vulnerable VU
Endangered EN
Critically Endangered CR
Extinct in the wild EW
Extinct EX

Extinct in the wild

For more info on classifications visit www.iucnredist.org

Size

Relative to a toothbrush Relative to a toothbrush

Population

In captivity, IUCN May 2012

Habitat

  • Woodland

    Woodland

Diet

Herbivore Herbivore
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