We currently have five red junglefowl at Edinburgh Zoo
Location in the Zoo:
Two of the junglefowl can be found in our Brilliant Birds exhibit. One in the avairies behind the rhino house and two are part of our Presentations Team.
In The Wild
There are five sub-species of red jungle fowl found throughout Asia and they are all the direct ancestors of domestic chickens. Cochin-Chinese red junglefowl (Gallus gallus gallus) are found in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam living in forests, mangroves, plantations and scrublands.
As with all fowl, the males are larger and more colourful than the females. The males (cocks) moult in the summer with black feathers replacing the bronze on the neck, and lose their long tails. Red junglefowl hens are covered in golden brown feathers and have pale red faces. As they incubate the eggs and care for the chicks alone, this helps camouflage them from predators in the undergrowth.
Red junglefowl live in mixed groups which have a "pecking order" for both the males and females. They communicate with different calls and alert each other to threats from predators. Although they can fly, they only do this to reach roosting sites in the trees and to escape any threat. During the day they spend their time on the ground using their feet to uncover fruit, insects and seeds.
As they are able to live in a variety of areas, loss of habitat is not an immediate risk to them. However interbreeding with domesticated chickens has greatly reduced the number of "pure" red junglefowl.