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Kuhl's Hog Deer

We are home to bachelor group of two male Kuhl’s hog deer

Location in the Zoo

The Kuhl's hog deer can be found next to the koalas

In the Wild

Kuhl’s hog deer (Axis kuhlii), also known as Bawean deer, are native to Bawean Island in Indonesia.  This small deer inhabits upland forests with dense undergrowth, using the underbrush for shelter while it rests and sleeps during the day.

These deer are primarily nocturnal, meaning they are most active at night.  They are shy and reclusive, avoiding contact with humans.  They have a brown buff coat, with a white triangular “bib” on the chest and a white ring around the eye.  Only the males bear antlers.

The Kuhl’s hog deer mainly feeds on grasses, herbs, leaves and twigs, as well as on corn crops and the leaves of cassava plants.  The deer go into their seasonal rut in September and October.  Gestation is about 225 – 230 days, and usually a single fawn is born.  Rarely, twins may be born.  

Despite being protected from hunting by the government, the number of Kuhl’s hog deer in the wild may have dropped beneath the critical level.  However there is some disagreement as to the number of Kuhl’s hog deer in the wild.  Some say that there may be 500 at the highest, and other estimates put the number low as 250 or fewer.  In addition, 90 percent of the Kuhl’s hog deer in the wild are confined to one sub-population that is threatened by habitat deterioration. 

Find out more


Not Endangered NE
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Near Threatened NT
Vulnerable VU
Endangered EN
Critically Endangered CR
Extinct in the wild EW
Extinct EX

Critically Endangered

For more info on classifications visit


Relative to 6ft (2m) man Relative to 6ft (2m) man


Population stable, IUCN November 2014


  • Woodland



Herbivore Herbivore
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