In The Wild
As the name suggests, the Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi) is endemic to Bali, Indonesia. It has been adopted as their national bird and is widely regarded as the most beautiful of the mynah family. At approximately 25cm long, they are identifiable by their pure white feathers and the blue skin around their eyes. Both sexes are similiar in appearance.
They are found in tropical forests, under the cover of treetops. They only come down to ground for water, which supplements their diet of fruit and insects. They usually live in large flocks, although during the breeding season pairs tend to act aggressively towards one another. The Bali starling has a song that is composed of a wide variety of loud, chattering noises, including whistles, chuckles and squawks, and is performed by both male and female birds, usually without an accompanying display. When courting, behaviour displayed includes shrieking and head bobbing movements.
They will lay three or four eggs, turquoise in colour, which will hatch after two weeks. Bali starlings can live up to five years in the wild, rising to 15 years in captivity.
Bali starling’s population has declined rapidly over the past few decades. Falling victim to the illegal trapping for the caged bird trade and industrialisation, these birds have become incredibly close to extinction in the wild - it has been estimated that there are fewer than 50 of them left.